The Risk of Gum Disease

Gum disease can range from simple inflammation to severe conditions which result in considerable damage to the soft tissue and bone which support the teeth. If you didn’t know, our mouths are filled with bacteria. Along with mucus and other particles, the bacteria can form a colorless adhesive called “plaque” on our teeth.

Although brushing and flossing can help eliminate this issue, plaque that is ignored can harden and turn into “tartar,” which only a dentist can remove. However, the longer plaque and tartar remain on your teeth, the more likely gingivitis and periodontitis can develop, resulting in the destruction of bones, gums and tissue which support the teeth.

The following are common risks which may increase the likelihood of gum disease in your teeth:

  • Smoking – Smoking increases the risk of gum disease and makes the condition more serious if gum disease is already evident. Smoking can even lower the chances for a successful treatment.
  • Genetics – Studies have shown at 30% of the population may be susceptible to gum disease due to genetics. However, with good oral care, the problem could be easily avoided.
  • Hormonal fluctuation – Whenever hormones fluctuate in the body, changes also occur in the mouth. Puberty, pregnancy and menopause can increase the risk and severity of gum disease temporarily.
  • Medications – There are multiple prescription and over the counter medications which restrict the flow of saliva, which essential protects the mouth. Without enough saliva, the mouth is prone to infections which could result in gum disease.
  • Diseases – Certain diseases such as diabetes, leukemia, inflammatory bowel disease and HIV infection can increase the risk of gum disease. However, an experienced and trustworthy dentist are aware of the difficulties and can provide the guidance necessary to successfully avoid gum disease.
  • Poor nutrition – Not only important for gum disease prevention, but also good overall health.

Symptoms of gum disease include:

  • Persistent bad breath
  • Red or swollen gums
  • Tender or bleeding gums
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Loose teeth
  • Painful chewing

If any of these signs are evident, our Austell dentist is capable of alleviating the issue and providing you preventive guidance as well. Contact Austell Dental Associates today to schedule an appointment.


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